A tennis racquet or racket is a specialized sports implement usually made of a stiff frame with an open hexagonal hoop over which a series of weighted catguts or strings are stretched tightly. It is usually used for hitting a ball to a forehand or backhand. Racquets can be hand crafted from a single piece of wood, but professionally made racquets have several layers of stiff fibers woven together, and the frame is constructed of stronger materials such as carbon composites. They also have padding on the handle and head of the racquet to prevent it from damage in high-impact sports. They have a very strong shaft that enables them to produce the maximum amount of spin.
In addition to having its own racquets, most tennis teams use racquets that belong to another team, either for practice purposes or during competitions. Most racquets today have two action areas, the sweet spot (where you hit the sweet spot) and the follow through (where you hit the follow through). The racquets fitted with a sweet spot are referred to as full spin racquets; the ones fitted with a follow through are referred to as soft spin racquets. For both types, the racquets have a webbed grip, and they have been developed to suit different physical strength, height and swing speeds.
Most professional tennis racquets are fitted with custom-made strung racquets, known as swingweight racquets. These heavy racquets give you more power, as well as greater control when taking shots. Custom swingweight racquets have been developed for each individual player’s strength and swing speed, and the size of the swingwood (handle) and the diameter of the sweet spot determine the ideal strung weight. Most manufacturers will recommend a standard length (usually 24 inches) for a beginner.
As you progress in your tennis career, your racquet can also be modified to suit your playing style and technique. Many players now use high-performance nylon strings, instead of the traditional stainless steel ones. Nylon strings provide a smoother ball strike, as well as allowing you to hit the ball further. Nylon strings also reduce the amount of spin on the ball, which allows it to stay on the course without losing distance.
A major modification you may make to your racquet is to replace the conventional rubber “dead spot” with a graphite dead spot. The rubber dead spot is the area around the ball that tends to slice or hook the ball due to its irregular shape. A graphite dead spot has a cross-shaped pattern similar to the cross section of an hour glass. The advantage of graphite dead spots is that they do not cause any “kickback” when hit. However, some players still feel that using a dead spot causes their drives to have more spin. They also feel that a reduced amount of spin gives them more control over the ball.
Another modification that you may wish to make is to replace your current strings with higher quality, freely suspended strings. Longer, more expensive strings will give you more power and distance, but they can also be harder to hit. A lower quality set of free strings will give you more control, but they will not impart any “spin” onto the ball. That is why some top players such as Andre Agassi, Roger Federer and Pete Sampras prefer to play tennis with shorter, cheaper sets of strings. If you are looking to give yourself the best possible chance at winning when playing, then consider switching to longer and cheaper strings.
When playing tennis, your swing is controlled by two components: your grip and your topspin. The first part of your swing is the result of your grip. A weak grip will cause you to slice or hook the ball. On the other hand, a strong grip will help you to lift your forefoot or back foot, and keep you balanced. Your topspin is what controls the path of the ball after it hits your racket, and can affect either your exit strategy or your return strategy. A bad swing with a flat top or an overly large topspin will often lead to a bad outcome.
Your second component is your hz. The distance between your ground and the tennis ball will affect your ability to spin the ball. For this reason, many players choose to change their racquet for the better of their hz. However, if you are not skilled at modifying your racquet, then playing with the same strings as you are used to will not give you a good enough effect.