Every regular tennis calendar consists of four most prestigious tournaments. These are known as the Grand Slams. These tournaments are played both in men’s and women’s tennis. They are the Australian Open in January, French Open in May, Wimbledon in July, and US Open in September. We look at the history of those slams, their playing surfaces, and the best players who have dominated them over the years.
The Australian Open
The Australian Open championship is the first of the four Grand Slams in a regular tennis calendar. The tournament is played in the city of Melbourne since 1905. It was played on the grass courts before 1988. Since then, the tournament is being held on the hard courts with the blue Plexi-cushion material used. Some of the famous courts of the Australian Open are named after great tennis legends like Rod Laver Arena, Margaret Court Arena, etc. In the Open Era, Novak Djokovic won the Australian Open seven times so far including the 2020 edition. This is the most among male players. In the female section, Margaret Court enjoys that status with 11 championships wins there.
The French Open
It is regarded as the hardest of all four Grand Slams. The French Open is played on the red clay of Stade Roland Garros. It is being held since 1897 and has built a rich history and legacy. Currently, Roland Garros is the only among all Grand Slams played on the clay courts. The slow nature of the red dirt makes it very hard to conquer and is famously known as the Elusive Slam. Rafael Nadal has been the best player there with 12 tournament wins. In the women’s section, Chris Evert of America has won seven French Championships.
It is also known as the All England Lawn Tennis Championships. Wimbledon is the oldest and most prestigious among all tennis Grand Slams. It is not more than 140 years old, being played since 1877. The championship is played on grass and is known for its celebrated traditions like white clothing, royal box, etc. Also, unlike other Grand Slams, the courts here are not named after tennis legends. The center court of Wimbledon is one of the most beautiful places to play tennis. The Swiss maestro, Roger Federer, won Wimbledon eight times so far. He has been the most successful male player there. Among the female players, Martina Navratilova holds the record of nine Wimbledon singles trophies.
The United States Open
This tournament is played every September in the city of New York. US Open is the last of all four Grand Slams in a tennis season. It is being played since 1881. The event was played first on clay, then shifted to grass and finally on hard court. The playing surface used here is DecoTurf in the Billie Jean King Tennis Stadium. Currently, Roger Federer, Pete Sampras, and Jimmy Connors lead the men’s list with five trophies each. Hence, among the female player, Chris Evert and Serena Williams each won 6 US Open Championships.
These are the four Grand Slams in tennis. Do tell us about your favorite and most liked one among them.